Credit: Sinus infections are caused when the cavities around your nasal passages become inflamed and swollen, which eventually interferes with drainage and causes mucus to build up. The result? Damp leaves can cause asthma, bronchitis, itchy eyes, headaches and runny noses in about 15 percent of the population who are prone to these types of allergic reactions, according to SIU Online. A pit then forms in the sinus lining, trapping mucus and blocking it from draining properly. Therefore, doctors recommend you keep your nose as moist as possible. Narrow drainage passages, tumors, or a cleft palate can block openings in the sinus, preventing mucus drainage. Health.com is part of the Meredith Health Group. If you are allergic to the dust you will know it right away. Here are 13 things that can cause an acute sinus infection. Otolaryngology-Head When left untreated or undiagnosed, sinus infections can cause further complications with the nose, eyes or middle ear, lasting for months or even years. We're loving their inspirational, body-positive messages. Soon there are large numbers of bacteria, and this is what constitutes a sinus infection. See your doctor if you have fever, headache, and vision problems for more than 10 days. Travel a lot for work or pleasure? Keep leaves, grass and yard clippings, and compost away from your house to reduce the number of mold spores that can enter your house. Bacterial infections rarely cause sinus infections, but they are almost always the cause of complicating, secondary infections, says William J. Hueston, MD, professor and chair of the Department of Family Medicine at the Medical University of South Carolina, in Charleston. He was one of the first ENT specialists trained in Balloon Sinuplasty™ over 10 years ago and has performed more balloon procedures than any other ENT doctor in the Georgia. It thrives throughout the South, and can be found growing in open fields, vacant lots and along highways and city streets. Fungus May Be Cauing Your Sinus Infections–Here’s What Can Help. Sinusitis is caused by an inflammation, or swelling, of the tissue lining of the sinuses. What makes autumn such a tough time for allergy sufferers is this is prime time for two of the most troublesome allergens: ragweed pollen and molds. The pressure during a dive can push water into your sinuses and irritate and inflame the tissue. Allergens and pollutants in the air—like dust, outdoor air pollution, and strong odors like perfume—may contribute to coughing, irritate your nose, and cause inflammation that can increase your risk of sinusitis, according to Dr. Bains. Another common misconception is that sinus infections are not caused mold, but rather bacteria. In fact, studies have shown that people with sinus infections who have allergies tend to have more extensive sinusitis, says Sonia Bains, MD, assistant professor in the Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, Allergy, and Sleep Medicine at the Medical University of South Carolina. Sinus infection-sinusitis- and the post nasal drip connection Another common post-nasal drip cause is sinusitis, which may start with sinus pressure. Offers may be subject to change without notice. Breathing in spores can aggravate asthma and cause heavy breathing, wheezing, and other upper respiratory symptoms in those with mold allergies. On the surface of things, the cause of sinus trouble is clear. To get our top stories delivered to your inbox, sign up for the Healthy Living newsletter, Credit: The more common cause of blood mixed mucus is infection of the respiratory tract. In 2012, I published a post titled “When a “Sinus Infection” is a Neck Problem.” To date that post has been viewed 70 thousand times and has 300 comments. Start by drinking lots of water and avoiding caffeine, and use a humidifier to keep indoor air moist during the winter. The simplest explanation is that the most common causes of sinusitis—allergies, colds and flu—are very prevalent this time of year. Here are 13 things that can cause an acute sinus infection (the most common type) and, in some cases, lead to a chronic sinus infection. RELATED: 10 Products to Help You Find Sinus Relief. ... such as the N95 mask, when raking leaves, gardening, ... itchy eyes, and sinus decongestion. Raking Leaves Can Cause Severe Symptoms. If you’re congested or suffer from frequent sinus infections but can’t miss your flight, use a decongestant nasal drop or inhaler before takeoff to keep your sinuses clear. "Allergies can block normal sinus drainage and predispose a person to developing sinus infections," Stankiewicz says. Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. Prescription or over-the-counter antihistamines and prescription nasal sprays can reduce chronic inflammation in the sinuses and nasal lining. *Disclaimer: The contents of this website, such as text, graphics, and other material (“Content”) located at www.sinusinstituteatlanta.com and its sub domains or aliases (“Website”) are for informational purposes only. While sinusitis can occur year-round, it is most prevalent during fall and winter. If you have to tidy up the yard, be sure to wear a painter’s mask to prevent inhalation of … Teeny holes that connect your nasal passages to your sinuses (basically a collection of hollow, moist cavities that lurk beneath your nose, eyes, and cheeks) get blocked. All before and after photos are actual patients of Dr. Pradeep Sinha. RELATED: 10 Signs You Could Have a Sinus Infection. "Raking leaves and leaves coming down releases all of that in the outside environment," Ginn explained. RELATED: 7 Signs You Have Allergies—and Not Just a Cold. It could aggravate your sinuses. The material in this site is intended to be of general informational use and is not intended to constitute medical advice, probable diagnosis, or recommended treatments. Allergies can be the cause of sinus pressure if the mucus doe not flow freely. Stay in your living room and still spike your heart rate. If you use sprays for an extended period of time, you can become less sensitive to their effects so that your nose becomes swollen again, a condition known as rebound nasal congestion, says Dr. Bains. This tends to get annoying, because it makes breathing through the nose difficult. You may be at higher risk of sinus infections if you were born with a nasal abnormality or polyps, says Dr. Hueston. Your sinuses are air-filled spaces that drain through your nose and throat. "Fungi are very unusual causes of sinus infections," says Dr. Hueston. It also affects the area around your eyes and face, and can cause a throbbing headache. Ever since the weather turned cool, you can’t stop sniffling, sneezing and wheezing. NE Suite 1280 , Atlanta Other causes include other types of viruses, bacterial infections, environmental allergies (like hay fever), and fungal infections. When the air pressure is reduced in-flight, it can cause pressure to build up in your head, which in turn can block your sinuses and air passages and aggravate cold symptoms. Here's why a stage 4 breast cancer diagnosis can be so frightening. There are two groups of fungi that can cause these fungal sinus infections: Aspergillus species and fungi in the Mucormycosis family. May be used as a treatment for urinary tract infections or at a lower dosage to reduce the recurrence of urinary tract infections. … Sound familiar? Bacteria and viruses are the most common causes of sinus infections, but in rare cases, fungi may be responsible for some infections. When you do not have fever, tiredness, or fatigue, it may not be there. In most cases, sinusitis is easily treatable with medical therapy. The fungus, which is commonly found growing on dead leaves, compost piles and decaying vegetation, may trigger a relatively harmless allergic reaction but can cause … Treatment results may vary from person to person.This site uses models and stock photography for the banners and backgrounds. If your sinus infection, also called sinusitis, is caused by a virus, antibiotics won’t help since these drugs kill only bacteria. Whether your sinusitis symptoms are seasonal or last throughout the year, the Sinus Institute of Atlanta has testing and treatment services available for patients of all ages. The occasional use of nasal irrigation treatments, like saline sprays, may also help treat or prevent sinusitis symptoms. Cut back any trees and/or brush that are close … ", RELATED: Is It a Cold or Sinus Infection? Many people mistakenly assume they just have seasonal allergies and treat their symptoms with over-the-counter antihistamines, or they think they just have a cold which will go away by itself, when actually what they have has turned into a full-blown sinus infection. Because inflammation can block the nasal passages and prevent draining, allergies are often associated with sinus infections. Mold can be almost anywhere outdoors: in the soil, compost piles, rotting wood and plants. By Dr. Joseph Mercola with Rachael Droege www.mercola.com . Fungal sinus infection or Fungal sinusitis tends to go overlooked as a cause of sinusitis, partly because of the rarity of fungal sinus infections. This can lead to life-threatening conditions like meningitis or brain abscess, Dr. Sindwani says. Autumn has arrived, and you can’t stop sneezing and sniffling. Lastly, if your sinus problems keep coming back, you can ask your doctor about the pros and cons of surgery to clean and drain the sinuses. It worsens symptoms and makes sinusitis more likely. An air purifier may also reduce pollutants in the air. One of the most common activities in autumn—raking leaves—can stir up ragweed pollen that has settled on the dead leaves, increasing exposure. If you’re prone to sinus infections or congestion, avoid spending long periods in chlorinated pools, as chlorine can irritate your nasal lining and sinuses. When left untreated or undiagnosed, sinus infections can cause further complications with the nose, eyes or middle ear, lasting for months or even years. The most common fungus associated with sinusitis is Aspergillus. While it’s true that nasal decongestant sprays relieve congestion—they constrict the blood vessels in the nose—you should avoid prolonged use of over-the-counter nasal sprays, as they can make your symptoms worse if not used as directed. In these cases, it's most likely Streptococcus pneumoniae or Haemophilus influenzae. Inside homes, schools, stores and businesses, the air is recycled and people are in closer contact with each other, allowing contagious diseases to easily spread. Many feel that raking is a necessity in order to preserve their lawn, but for those with mold and pollen allergies, raking leaves can actually make your symptoms worse. But the cause of the blockage is sometimes trickier to figure out. Your symptoms will probably get better after about a week or so. The first culprit—allergies—can obviously be a year-round problem. Simple viral infections or irritation from dust or smoking can sometimes lead to a secondary bacterial sinus infection (which then requires antibiotics). Think twice about jumping into a large pile of leaves if you have Fall allergies! How to handle a physician who doubts or dismisses your symptoms. This, along with the colder temperatures outside, are ideal conditions for the viability and replication of cold and influenza viruses, which best survive in low humidity, low temperature conditions. Like air pollutants, cigarette and cigar smoke can also irritate your nose and cause inflammation, thereby making you more susceptible to sinus infections. Data sources include IBM Watson Micromedex (updated 7 Dec 2020), Cerner Multum™ (updated 4 Dec 2020), … As a result, prolonged use of OTC nasal sprays can lead to dependency, adds Dr. Hueston, who recommends that people who use sprays to treat cold symptoms stop after four or five days. When the sinuses become inflamed, the glands in the sinus start secreting more mucus than normal, in an attempt to fight the allergen or virus. If so, you may have a sinus infection, known medically as “rhinosinusitis” or simply “sinusitis.” Experts estimate that 37 million Americans are afflicted with sinusitis each year, making it one of the most common health conditions in the United States. Only a few cases are caused by bacteria infecting the sinuses. Sinus infections, the cause of untold misery, strike about 37 million people in the U.S. each year. In Georgia, ragweed pollinates from late summer through November. Also in rare cases, sinus infections in the rear center of one’s head can spread into the brain. Fungal infections of the sinus cavity are very rare. "So they accumulate more ‘junk’ in the sinuses, which can clog passages when they have a cold. Surgery is used as a last resort or for severe infections. The hoarseness is likely to be due to involvement of larynx. This inflammation is most commonly triggered by allergies or a bout with the common cold or influenza (flu). It stands to reason then, that there will be more cases of sinusitis as well. It’s always best to get a proper diagnosis, so you can get the correct treatment. The scraping and raking of leaves stirs up dirt, dust, mold, and pollen into the air. When mucus is trapped in the nasal passages for long periods of time, it can lose water and thicken. This thicker mucus, or an impaired ability to fight germs due to diabetes or HIV infection, can set the stage for sinus infections. Here’s what can happen when a person who is prone to sinusitis dutifully rakes up those leaves. If you suspect you have a sinus infection or if you have recurring symptoms, give the Sinus Institute of Atlanta a call at (404) 257-7512 to request an office consultation with Dr. Sinha. Thursday : 8:30am–5pm Friday : 8:30am–2pm About 37 million Americans suffer from sinusitis, an inflammation of the nasal sinuses commonly known as a sinus infection, each year and for many this is a chronic problem that can seriously affect the quality of your life. A deviated septum—when the center section of the nose is shifted to one side—is often associated with chronic sinus infections, as are enlarged adenoids, tissue masses in the passage between the throat and nasal cavity that trap and destroy germs. Decaying vegetation from summer gardens can also become mold “hot spots.” The mold spores float in the air, much like pollen. But for allergy sufferers, raking presents its own problem. In other words, get a flu shot, wash your hands, and don’t chill with the visibly ill. RELATED: 11 Signs It's More Serious Than the Common Cold. According to the Mayo Clinic, the most frequent cause is the common cold. Along with wheezing it can be due to allergy. Not only that, your nose is stuffed up and runny, and you’ve been feeling a constant, dull pain just above your nose and between your eyes. Chronic allergies can cause long-term swollen and scarred areas of the nasal passages and polyps, according to Dr. Hueston. As such these types of sinus infection can be effectively treated with antibiotics. GA 30342, Monday : 8:30am–5pm RELATED: 11 Reasons You Have a Stuffy Nose–and What to Do About It. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Colds are caused by a virus, which can make nasal tissue swell, blocking the holes that normally drain sinuses. Young children, older adults and people who have asthma, lung disease or heart disease are especially vulnerable to these chemicals. Most sinus infections start with a cold. From easier cramps to a heavier flow, here's a guide on what to expect decade by decade. Doctors explain how to tell if you have a head cold or something more serious that requires medical attention, such as the flu, strep throat, meningitis, or mono. Sunday : Closed, Phone : 404-257-7412 While fungal sinus infections can occur in healthy individuals, they are most common in people with weakened immune systems. Wednesday : 8:30am–5pm If you suspect you have a sinus infection or if you have recurring symptoms, give the Sinus Institute of Atlanta a call at (404) 257-7512 to request an office consultation with Dr. Sinha. It can stir agitating pollen and mold into the air, causing allergy and asthma symptoms. Ragweed is notorious for causing severe allergic reactions. To know more about Pradeep K. Sinha -- Click Here, You may follow Pradeep K. Sinha on Facebook: Pradeep K. Sinha and on Twitter: @Dr. Sinha, Where Did You Hear About Us?GoogleBingYahooSocial MediaReferralRadioWSB TVCBS TVHealth FairAtlanta and CompanyOther, 5670 Peachtree Dunwoody Rd, NE Suite 1280 , Atlanta, GA 30342 | Call +1- 404-257-7412, Board Certified in Furthermore, indoor air tends to be drier—particularly during cold weather when the furnace is on. Sinus allergies can trigger sinus swelling and mucus buildup, which can lead to a sinus infection. Upsides. Here are the ones you need to pay attention to, and how to know if you may have an anxiety disorder. Sinusitis is usually the result of a cold or flu virus spreading to the sinuses from the upper airways. Nasal polyps are small, benign growths that develop from nose or sinus tissues and can cause the sinus cavities to become blocked, preventing mucus from draining and causing sinus infection. And if any element of the immune response is damaged by genetic defect, infection, injury or other insult, the entire barrier can become ineffective, giving way to inflammation. Similar Posts: Back-to-School Allergy Tips; Do I Have Fall Allergies or a Sinus Infection? Diving into water can be a problem too. Chronic conditions, such as cystic fibrosis and other disorders that weaken your immune system, can lead to inflammation in the airways and make you prone to developing thick mucus. How to Tell the Difference. Other conditions such as allergies, nasal polyps, and tooth infections can also contribute to sinus pain and symptoms. Incidences of the cold and flu increase in fall and winter, in part, because people spend more time indoors. Polyps are treated with nasal steroid sprays or a short course of oral steroids, and if steroid treatments don’t work, surgery may be necessary. Dr. Sinha specializes in medical and surgical management of sinus problems. An infected tooth or fungal infection can also occasionally cause the sinuses to become inflamed. If you’re prone to allergies or hay fever, avoid things that trigger allergic reactions, such as dust mites, pet dander, mold, and cockroaches. If you are prone to sinus infections and want to reduce them, beware of the outside fall chores! Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. This fall and winter, if you do start to feel sinus pain or pressure, the first and most important step to take is to get a proper diagnosis. The symptoms of anxiety can be hard to detect. Tuesday : 8:30am–5pm Email : [email protected] Mold can trigger troublesome symptoms for … You may be suffering from allergic rhinitis or hay fever. Clean out expired products and clutter to make way for a healthier you. 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Raking or moving leaves can stir up resting pollen and mold. RELATED: 10 Signs You Could Have a Sinus Infection. All products and services featured are selected by our editors. "I'm petrified," the actress said when she shared the news that her breast cancer came back. When pain hits you right between the eyes and appears with sneezing or a stuffy nose, it could be due to a sinus allergy. Saturday : Closed There are multiple reasons why sinus infections are more common in fall and winter. But the primary culprit in the ever-so-common annual sinus infection is seasonal allergies. This usually occurs because of poor drainage combined with excess mucous production. As mold particle counts climb higher, they become increasingly irritating to people with allergies, worsening allergy symptoms. Fallen leaves often sit in yards or are raked into piles, allowing moisture to accumulate, which accelerates mold growth. RELATED: What You Need to Know About Viral vs. Bacterial Pneumonia. 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