In addition, Acts 4:25 attributes Psalm 2 to David––and Hebrews 4:7 attributes Psalm 95 to Proof also of David's authorship is found in the union, so characteristic of him, of bold courage, see especially Psalms 138:3, and deep humility, see Psalms 138:6. the great God that doth appear in these great works! David vexed with rival gods, as we are with rival gospels. 3. We relieve the poor as their need increaseth; so Christ comforts his people as their troubles multiply. Let us adore the Lord who has spoken to us by his word, and by his Son; and in the presence of unbelievers let us both praise his holy name and extol his holy word. What are the promises but vessels of cordial wine, turned on purpose against a groaning hour, when God usually broacheth them! They who praise God will walk in his ways. When the church seems to be upon the altar, her peace and liberty ready to be sacrificed, then the angel comes. There are two beautiful thoughts brought out here; one is, "God's condescension in thought"; the other, "his tenderness in action." 2. And great need have we of tenderness in our low estate; a little thing would crush us: we have such bruised and feeble souls, that unless we had One who would deal tenderly with us we must soon be destroyed. The state of the Heathen world clearly attests this; for they behold the wonders of Creation and Providence, as well as we: "There is no speech nor language where their voice is not heard. Accordingly, it is to the doctrine in afflux, that is to the word, that we are bidden to yield ourselves. That part of an army which is upon action in the field is sure to have their pay, if their masters have any money in their purse, or care of them; yea, sometimes when their fellows left in their quarters are made to wait. And now, Christian, tell me, doth not thy dear Lord deserve a ready spirit in thee to meet any suffering with, for, or from him, who gives his sweetest comforts where his people are put to bear their saddest sorrows? c) They sing as they proceed in service, in worship, in holiness, in suffering. Thanks! Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. 4. It is upon these two points that the name of Jehovah is at this time assailedâ€” his grace and his truth. â€”Ebenezer Erskine. Before the gods will I sing praise unto thee. But in the sacred volume all the glory of the Godhead shines: there we are admitted, so to speak, even to the council chamber of the Most High; to hear the covenant entered into between the Father and the Son; the Father engaging to give to him a seed, whom he should have for his inheritance, if he, on his part, would "make his soul an offering for their sins", and, in their nature, expiate the guilt of their iniquities. As a word of command it is supreme; and in the person of the incarnate Word it is set above all the works of God's hands. 1. Ver. The palaces which we build are ever like that in the story, where one window remains dark and without jewels, while the rest blaze in beauty. Behold in me thy work, not mine: for mine, if thou seest, thou condemnest; thine, if thou seest, thou crownest. ", 2. Ver. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Whoever edited and arranged these sacred poems, he had an eye to apposition and contrast; for if in Psalms 137:1-9 we see the need of silence before revilers, here we see the excellence of a brave confession. All men love their own works, many dote upon them: shall we think God will forsake his? He is said to be too stern, too terrible, and therefore "modern thought" displaces the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and sets up an effeminate deity of its own making. The second part of the Psalm supplicates vengeance upon Edom and Babylon. b) That he will not leave his own work in me undone. Gaze fixed on Holy Temple. See "Spurgeon's Sermons", No. It may not be best for us that the trial should come to an end; it may be far more to our advantage that by its pressure we should learn patience. 2. And truly it is no more than needs, if we consider the temptations of our afflicted condition; we are prone then to be suspicious that our best friends forget us, and to think every stay a delay, and neglect of us; therefore God chooseth to show himself most kind at such a time. I will...praise thy name for thy lovingkindness. Give me the homely vessel of humility, which God shall preserve, and fill with the wine of his grace; rather than the varnished cup of pride, which he will dash in pieces, like a potter's vessel. He views them with pleasure, thinks of them with care, listens to their prayers, and protects them from evil. He will be saved, â€”saved dexterously, decidedly, divinely; he has no doubt about it. 5. Delivered from, sustained in, sanctified through, trouble. May the Lord hasten it in his own time, and the choral hosts of heaven be swelled by the presence of the crowned monarchs of earth! His "word" being here annexed to "lovingkindness and truth", must needs be that part of his word to which these two are applicable, i.e., his promise, the matter whereof is mercy or lovingkindness, and in the performance of which is truth or fidelity. This Psalm has manifold points of contact with its predecessor. This is a disposition that makes the soul like Christ; and the more alike that a person is to Christ, God loves him all the better. Great blessings, beyond all doubt, flow down to us through the works of Creation and Providence: in fact, they are incessantly administering to our welfare; for "God opens his hands, and fills all things living with plenteousness." God's work in us will abide unto perfection because God's mercy towards us thus abideth. Every creature bears the name of God; but in his word and truth therein contained it is written at length, and therefore he is more choice of this than of all his other works; he cares not much what becomes of the world and all in it, so that he keeps his word, and saves his truth. When thy gospel is preached, and they know it, they shall count it their honour to honour thee. 2. The words "for David" are part of the Hebrew psalm. 8. Ver. Then thus it will run; I will worship, etc., "and praise thy name above thy lovingkindness and above thy truth"; i.e., it will be too low, too short a compilation, to call thee merciful or veracious, or style thee after any other of thy attributes; thou art all these, and more than so, "thou hast magnified thy word", given and performed most glorious promises, "above all thy name", above all that men have apprehended or spoken of thee. 231 and 1506: "Faith in Perfection", and, "Choice Comfort for a Young Believer.". Psalm 138. â€”Albert Barnes. I will worship toward thy holy temple. What praise! 1. Probably (Aq., Symm., Jer., etc.) A little piety goes a long way in courts; but brighter days are coming, in which rulers will become hearers and worshippers: may the advent of such happy times be hastened. So that men need not fear that any of them shall at any time, or in any case whatsoever, move in the least contrariety thereunto. Now this "tenderness in action" is a great part of the lovingkindness of God; it is meet that a thoughtful mind and tender hand should go together in the perfection of love. For this worship and praise are for ever due! Well might the Psalmist say, "I will worship" when he felt bound to say "thou answeredst me." Concerning this there is abundant room for praise. He has magnified it above all his name in the fulfilment of it: God's faithfulness being so dear to him, he has exalted his faithfulness above all his other perfections. By David. Kings are as gods below, and they do well when they worship the God above. Ver. Why not complete? Forsake not the works of thine own hands. Before the gods will I sing praises, &c. — Before kings and princes, or, before judges and great men, either those of other nations who visited him, or those of his own nation that attended on him. 2. 1. 3. I will praise thee. One grain has been changed, the whole mass will be in due time. 2. In a sense sufficiently striking this promise was fulfilled to David, and to the nation of Israel, as surrounding monarchs beheld the wonderful dispensations of divine providence which attended their steps (2Sa 5:11 8:10); but in its completest sense, it shall realize its accomplishment in the future conquests of Messiah, when the princes and potentates of the earth receive his word, learn by divine grace to celebrate the glorious methods of his love, and see in the light of faith the greatness of Jehovah's glory as the God of salvation. d) They are in a case for singing. Ver. In such extremities we usually go with the messenger that comes for us; and so doth God with the prayer. â€”William Gurnall. I will praise you, LORD, with all my heart; before the “gods” I will sing your praise. Ver. It corresponds also to the greatness of the benefaction, in the expression, before the gods, â€”demanding of these, whether they would verify their godhead by pointing to any such boon conferred by them on their servants. Thy mercy, O LORD, endureth for ever: forsake not the works of thine own hands. What an assembly! Let a man once know the ways of Jehovah, and he will find therein abundant reason for song; but the difficulty is to bring the great ones of the earth into ways so little attractive to the carnal mind. They know whence they came out. This is a disposition that best serves God's great design of lifting up and glorifying his free grace. I will praise thee with my whole heart. The Story of Psalm 138. And in proof of the same comes, finally, the near relationship in which it stands with the other Psalms of David, especially those which likewise refer to the promise of the everlasting kingdom; and with David's thanksgiving in 2 Samuel 7:1-29, the conclusion of which remarkably agrees with the conclusion of our Psalm: "And now, Lord God, the word which thou hast spoken upon thy servant and upon his house, that fulfil even to eternity, and do as thou hast spoken." The LORD is good to all, And His tender mercies are over all His works. "Forsake not. c) It would declare his joyful zeal for God. 2. Ver. Heaven and earth shall pass away, but the divine word will not pass away, and in this respect especially it has a preeminence over every other form of manifestation. And may we not do so in the day of peace? If I am walking there now, or shall be doing so in years to come, I have no cause for fear; for God is with me, and will give me new life. "Thy word", or, "Thy promise." But of his perfections, generally, we can form no idea from these things; of his purposes we can know nothing. 7. They interfere not with their progress. True believers hear the thunders of his justice, and yet they do not doubt his lovingkindness. He expected first to be revived, and afterwards to be protected. It is a part of our thankfulness to engage our heart to praise God in time to come, since we find that all the thanks we can give for the present are short of our duty or desire to praise him: "I will praise thee", saith David. Why should these idols rob Jehovah of his praises? â€”Thomas Watson. The proud he knoweth afar off. Clarke's Commentary on the Bible. They know where they are going. a. When we can praise God with our whole heart, we need not be unwilling for the whole world to witness our gratitude and joy in him... View the entire commentary. These eight Psalms are the devout Israelite's Manual of private prayer and praise. 3. â€”Franz Delitzsch. Ver. Psalms 138:4. 2. 3. It is not the legalist, or proud Pharisee, but the poor humble publican, who is smiting on his breast, and crying, "God be merciful to me, a sinner", that submits to the revelation of grace. 2. 2. Chapter 138. --Christopher Wordsworth. They are to be presented with an eye to God in Christ, for he is the temple: the place of divine indwelling, sacrifice, intercession, priesthood, oracle, and manifestation. All the kings of the earth shall praise thee, O Lord, when they hear the words of thy mouth. It is righteous, and may be relied upon for the present; it is faithful, and may be trusted in for the future. Psalm 137 – The Mournful Song of the Exiles. Were our hearts as they ought to be when we read the Word, we would tremble at that more than at any manifestation of God since the world began in all his works; and if so be thou dost not see more of the glory of God in his Word than in his works, it is because thou hast little light in thee. It was a bitter, earnest, eager prayer, as natural and as plaintive as the cry of a babe. 7. Our graces shall grow. For a similar expression, see Psalms 23:5, see also Psalms 95:8; Psalms 96:5, for places in which the Hebrew word "gods" is used probably for idols. What a preacher! Adversaries may be many, and malicious, and mighty; but our glorious Defender has only to stretch out his arm and their armies vanish. i. Praising and singing are our armour against the idolatries of heresy, our comfort under the depression caused by insolent attacks upon the truth, and our weapons for defending the gospel. Commentary. â€”Thomas Watson. Ver. This Psalm is wisely placed. 8. They reverence him, and he respects them. Meaning that his Word or promise shall have, as it were, and exercise a kind of sovereignty over all his prerogatives and attributes, wisdom, justice, power, etc. These are but the fringes of th… God's wisdom is never at a loss; but when providences are darkest, then the morning star of deliverance appears. All the kings of the earth shall praise thee, O Lord, when they hear the words of thy mouth. It is a good road; prophets went by it, and the Lord of the prophets. Condescension of thought marks all the dealings of God with his people. This psalm came out of David’s anguish over his sin. A promise that covers it: "the Lord will perfect. I will worship toward thy holy temple. The psalms attribute a total of 73 psalms to David (3-9; 11-41, 51-65, 68-70; 86; 101; 103; 108-110; 122; 124; 131; 133; 138-145). They who walk in the ways of the Lord will glorify him, and he will be glorified in them. They sing of the Lord of the way. “Ears have they,” but they bear not the cries of their worshippers. Our heavenly Father is able to interpret tears, and cries, and he replies to their inner sense in such a way as fully meets the case. 1615: "Singing in the Ways of the Lord." Therefore we find Daniel opening his windows toward the temple, where he prayed three times a day; and we find Jonah saying, "Yet will I look again toward thy holy temple." Then cry unto him who is the "strength of Israel" for it; for "he giveth power to the faint, and he increaseth strength to them that have no might." The sentence in the text is wonderfully full of meaning. The soul's noblest attitude: "Toward thy temple. It is not with the truth merely excogitated, but with the truth expressed, that we have any concern; not with the truth as seen by our inspired teacher, but with the truth as by him spoken to us. 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