Emphasis was on germination, as it determined success or failure as a competitor in a crop. Wagner, W. L.; Herbst, D. R.; Sohmer, S. H., 1999. East-West Center, University Press of Hawaii, Honolulu, 609 p. Ivens G. W., 1989. Revised edition. [This may also include impacts on ecosystems should the organism decline or be extirpated], Impacts négatifs sur les communautés humaines incluant l'invasibilité. Action led by the French Ministry of Agriculture, food and forest, with financial support from the National Agency for Water and Aquatic Environments, on the finance issued from the tax for the pollution diffused, attributed to the finance of the Ecophyto plan. Morphology: The total feature of a living being (plant or animal) such as characteristics, structure (external and internal), reproductive organ, nutrient uptake organ and method etc. The threats to which this taxon is subject. wiregrass. Goose grass is a summer, fast growing grass that optimally grows in full sunlight, where average temperature is 23°C and where annual rainfall ranges fom 500 to 1200 mm. In ethnoveterinary medicine, goose grass is used to treat fever in ruminants (Pattanayak et al., 2017). This grass must be considered as a potential feed for rabbits because it is traditionally used by farmers as green forage to feed their rabbits in Central Java during the wet season, and in some areas during the dry season too (Prawirodigdo, 1985). The emergence begins with the first rains of May. The therapeutic benefit of the medicinal plants is often attributed to their antioxidant properties. Describes reproductive physiology and behavior, including mating and life history variables. Turfiles: Goose grass. Marge finement scabre et ciliée, surtout à proximité de la ligule. Ikhimioya, I. ; Olagunju, B. O., 1996. The seedlings can be eaten raw or cooked as vegetables and the seeds can be cooked whole or ground into flour in times of scarcity in India (Ecocrop, 2019; Lim, 2016). A maturité, les épillets se désarticulent entre les fleurs. noeuds foncés et glabres (noeuds inférieurs souvent racinés). This rapid development cycle enables this species to produce seeds before the first weeding, especially if it is late. http://www.kew.org/data/grasses-db.html. Stanfield and Lowe ed., Ibadan University Press, Ibadan, Nigeria, 118 p. Akobundu I.O. Lisse et glabre. Non ramifié, d'abord couché, puis rapidement redressé. ; Crook, A.O., 1976. The culms are geniculate at the base, slender and compressed. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. J Anim. Difficile à contrôler une fois installée. Le contrôle mécanique ou manuel d’E. Feedipedia, a programme by INRAE, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO. Literature on the use of Eleusine indica in rabbit feeding is very scarce. Powered by the open source Brit. Thanks to its tough root system, goose grass can be used to stabilize sandy soils. There is content in another language. http://idao.cirad.fr/SpecieSheet?sheet=adventoi/especes/e/elein/elein_fr.html, http://www.kew.org/data/grasses-db/www/imp03383.htm, http://www.hear.org/pier/species/eleusine_indica.htm, Troupin G. (1989). Bénin : Eleusine indica est rare mais abondante quand elle est présente. South Pacific Commission, Noumea, New Caledonia. [Cela peut concerner les écosystèmes où l'organisme est en déclin ou a été éliminé]. Etude de la phénologie et des traits de réponse aux pratiques culturales des espèces végétales d'intér... Caractérisation des communautés adventices des vergers d’agrumes de la Réunion et détermination d’espè... Les mauvaises herbes dans la rotation cotonnière au Nord-Cameroun (Afrique), Analyse de la flore adventice de la lentille à Cilaos - Réunion, Caractérisation des enherbements en culture de canne à sucre à La Réunion, Analyse comparée de la flore adventice en culture d’ananas et de canne à sucre à la Réunion. It grows in moist as well as marshy areas, puddles, shallow ponds, fields, river and stream edges, ditches, canals etc. Goose grass is a close relative of finger millet (Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.) In Cirad [ed.]. Madagascar : Espèce de fréquence relativement faible mais localement abondante et nuisible pour les cultures fumées ou des bas-fond et dans les zones à sols volcaniques (Antsirabe, Itasy) : maïs, riz pluvial, cultures maraîchères. Vanden Berghen C., 1983. Agée, seul le glyphosate peut la contrôler efficacement. Ligule membrano-ciliée et très courte (haute de 1 mm). Effet de l’époque de coupe de la canne à sucre sur l’enherbement et le cycle biologique des adventices... https://explore.recolnat.org/search/botanique/simplequery=Eleusine%2520indica, https://portal.wiktrop.org/biodiv/species/show/126. Tanzanie : fréquente et peu abondante. It withstands some dry periods thanks to its extensive root system. Asian-Aust. The Board of Trustees, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Ecocrop, 2019. Ibadan, Nigeria, 521 p. Berhaut J., 1967. Cirad, Montpellier, France. Ivens G. W., Moody K. & Egunjobi J. K., 1978. Intake and digestibility of, Bhannasiri, T., 1970. Elles sont dressées tout le long de la tige. Ouganda : fréquente et généralement abondante. Le développement de cette espèce est facilement limité par les opérations de travail du sol (labour, sarclage, buttage) précoces. goosegrass. Les feuilles sont assez larges et pliées, disposées à plat. Sénégal : fréquente et peu abondante. In any event, the source must be explicitly quoted. The root system is particularly tough and difficult to … cahier technique n°34, (les doses sont exprimées en produit commercial) - 2014. Can include ecosystem services. In Malaysia, it was reported to be resistant to herbicide glufosinate (Jalaludin et al., 2010). Montpellier, France, Cirad. Quantitative observations on the morphology of E. indicaand S. pyramidalis are indicated in Table 1. E. indica is a tufted annual grass, prostrate and spreading, or erect to about 40 cm, depending on density of vegetation but not usually rooting at the nodes. The racemes are 4-15 cm in length. Includes Invasiveness. Describes techniques and goals used in management of species - breeding and cultivation, control etc. In vitro digestibility values were 67% and 61% for DM and OM respectively (Nuwanyakpa et al., 1983; Jackson et al., 1996). Ambayeba Muimba-Kankolongo, in Food Crop Production by Smallholder Farmers in Southern Africa, 2018. Les feuilles sont alternes, distiques et dressées obliquement. Eleusine indica, the Indian goosegrass, yard-grass, goosegrass, wiregrass, or crowfootgrass, is a species of grass in the family Poaceae. stricta (Roxb.) 640 p. Merlier H. & Montégut J., 1982. africana using caryopsis and bracteole morphology. It is an invasive species in some areas. Collins, Salisbury, Rhodesia, Clayton, W. D. ; Harman, K. T. ; Williamson, H., 2006. Goose grass was reported to yield up to 30 t/ha of fresh matter (Ecocrop, 2019). It is a threat in arable land, in lawns and in plantations and nurseries (Swarbrick et al., 1997). The current map showing distribution of species is only indicative. Goose grass is regarded as good cattle fodder in India (SEPASAL, 2018). Life cycles are treated in the field for Life Cycle. & Agyakwa C.W., 1989. Limbe oblong à linéaire, au sommet arrondi, long de 2 à 10 cm et large de 5 mm. Eleusine indica NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Gaine pliée et glabre. Eleucine indica (EI) is traditionally used in ailments associated with liver and kidneys. Avg: average or predicted value; SD: standard deviation; Min: minimum value; Max: maximum value; Nb: number of values (samples) used. Sci., 71 (4): 398-401. Inc., Orem, Utah. Relations that living organisms have with respect to each other and their natural environment. Keywords: Field pathogenomics, Wheat blast, Phylogenomic analysis, Eleusine indica, Oryza sativa Background Outbreaks caused by fungal diseases have increased in frequency and are a recurrent threat to global food se-curity [1]. バ [Japanese]; 왕바랭이 [Korean]; ഇന്ത്യൻ ഗൂസ്, ഗ്രാസ്സ് [Mayalayam]; Rumput Sambau [Bahasa Melayu]; Kifungambuzi [Kiswahili]; Paragis [Tagalog]; mần trầu [Vietnamese]; 牛筋草 [Chinese] (USDA, 2019; Wikipedia, 2019). Agricultural weeds as alternative feed resource for ruminants in Bangladesh. Husson, O.; Charpentier H.; Michellon, R.; Razafintsalama, H.; Moussa, N.; Enjalric, F.; Naudin, K.; Rakotondramanana; Seguy, L., 2012. Eleusine indica has a low to moderate protein content, ranging from 6% to 15% DM, though more typically in the 9-12% range. Seasonal migration and reproduction are usually treated separately. For annual grass weed control tips of irrigated rice and lowland in Africa, visit:http://portal.wiktrop.org/document/show/32 Oxford University Press, Ibadan, Nigeria, 255 p. Husson, O., H. Charpentier, F.-X. Does not include altitudinal distribution, which is covered under Habitat. Le glyphosate peut être utilisé s’il n’y a pas de risque pour les cultures. Seychelles : Adventice majeure des parcelles cultivées, affectant une large variété de cultures, en particulier les légumes, fruits, les cultures souterraines et ornementales, les plantations et nurseries. Supplementary energy-production coefficients of American feeding stuffs fed ruminants. East African Weeds and Their Control. In vivo DM digestibility was 54% measured on goats (Regmi et al., 2009). Couvre par exemple, une région globale, ou une plus étroite; peut être biogéographique, politique ou autre (par exemple, les zones gérées pour la conservation) ; endémisme; indigène ou exotique. Please click here to read it. Limbe long de 10 à 35 cm et large de 3 à 10 mm, linéaire, plié à la base puis aplati vers le sommet, qui se termine en coin aigu. Goose grass is a perennial fodder for local fauna. and Williamson, H. (2006 onwards). Clairafrique éd., Dakar, Sénégal, 485 p. Braun M., Burgstaller H., Hamdoun A. M. & Walter H., 1991. Variables of interest to ecologists include the composition, distribution, amount (biomass), number, and changing states of organisms within and among ecosystems. Summary The effects of simulated human trampling on leaf morphology and ethylene production as well as the effect of an ethylene releaser ethephon on leaf morphology were investigated for trampling‐tolerant species, Plantago asiatica and Eleusine indica , and trampling‐susceptible species, Gnaphalium affine and Panicum bisulcatum .In Pl. 2nd edition. memiliki system perakaran serabut.Akar rumput membentuk tali halus. Dpt of Forests, Div. Comores : adventice commune. 7., Lae, Papua New Guinea. East-West Center, University Press of Hawaii. In Zimbabwe, it has been reported to provide the greater part of grazing in the first year in recently planted pastures (Chippindall et al., 1976). Marnotte, P. and A. Carrara. Cooperative Extension, which makes its elimination difficult in fields of cultivated finger millet its... Résultats dans la gestion par rapport à un projet de loi, par exemple, une nuisibilité à... 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